Immanuel Kant If there exists a philosophy, then there must also be for this philosophy a system of pure rational concepts, independent of any condition of intuition, in other words, a metaphysic. It may be asked whether metaphysical elements are required also for every practical philosophy, which is the doctrine of duties, and therefore also for Ethics.
Immanuel Kant In this book the history of moral philosophy elaborates the basic themes of Kant's moral theory, gives the most complete statement of his highly original theory of freedom of the will, and develops his practical metaphysics.
Aeschylus, Aristotle, Francis Bacon, George Berkeley, Giordano Bruno, René Descartes, Euripides, Thomas Hobbes, Homer, David Hume, Immanuel Kant, John Locke, Plato, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Sophocles & Benedict de Spinoza This massive anthology of philosophy contains over 75 works by a dozen of the most known philosophers of all time. An active table of contents makes it easy to find each work.
Authors and books include: Aeschylus: Agamemnon The House of Atreus
Aristotle: The Categories Ethics
Francis Bacon: The Essays of Francis Bacon The New Atlantis
George Berkeley: An Essay Towards a New Theory of Vision The Querist
Giordano Bruno: An Ethical Poem
Rene Descartes: Principles of Philosophy
Euripides: The Electra Hippolytus & The Bacchae Tragedies of Euripides The Trojan Women
Thomas Hobbes: Leviathan
Homer: The Iliad Odyssey
David Hume: A Treatise of Human Nature
Immanuel Kant: The Critique of Practical Reason Fundamental Principals of the Metaphysic of Morals
John Locke: An Essay Concerning Humane Understanding: Volume 1 & 2 A Letter Concerning Toleration
Plato: Alcibiades I & II Apology The Republic Sophist Statesman Symposium
Jean Jacques Rousseau: The Confessions of Jean Jacques Rousseau Mankind Emile
Immanuel Kant This book contain collection of 8 books
1. The Critique of Pure Reason [1781, 1787]
2. The Critique of Practical Reason 
3. The Critique of Judgement.
4. The Critique of Judgement 
5. Introduction to the Metaphysic of Morals
6. Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Morals 
7. The Metaphysical Elements of Ethics
8. The Science of Right 
About the author
Kant defined the Enlightenment, in the essay "Answering the Question: What is Enlightenment?", as an age shaped by the motto, "Dare to know". This involved thinking autonomously, free of the dictates of external authority. Kant's work served as a bridge between the Rationalist and Empiricist traditions of the 18th century. He had a decisive impact on the Romantic and German Idealist philosophies of the 19th century. His work has also been a starting point for many 20th century philosophers.
The two interconnected foundations of what Kant called his "critical philosophy" of the "Copernican revolution" which he claimed to have wrought in philosophy were his epistemology (or theory of knowledge) of Transcendental Idealism and his moral philosophy of the autonomy of reason. These placed the active, rational human subject at the center of the cognitive and moral worlds. With regard to knowledge, Kant argued that the rational order of the world as known by science could never be accounted for merely by the fortuitous accumulation of sense perceptions. It was instead the product of the rule-based activity of "synthesis". This consisted of conceptual unification and integration carried out by the mind through concepts or the "categories of the understanding" operating on perceptions within space and time, which are not concepts, but forms of sensibility that are necessary conditions for any possible experience.
Immanuel Kant Der Ausdruck Kritik in der Kritik der reinen Vernunft meint daher eine Selbstbegrenzung, die die Vernunft vornimmt, um sich vor Urteilen über Sachverhalte zu bewahren, die jenseits der Grenzen möglicher Erfahrung liegen, wie etwa Gott, Freiheit und Unsterblichkeit. Einzig bei der Freiheit, seinem Vermögen, sittlich zu handeln, ist dem Menschen ein Durchbruch in eine Welt möglich, die nicht vollständig beschrieben werden kann, wenn man sie nur im Licht der Naturgesetze betrachtet. Die Freiheit hat laut Kant ihre eigenen Gesetze. Ihnen widmet sich der Philosoph in seiner zweiten Kritik, der Kritik der praktischen Vernunft, die seine systematische Moralphilosophie enthält
Immanuel Kant This collection was designed for optimal navigation on iPad and other electronic devices. This collection offers lower price, the convenience of a one-time download, and it reduces the clutter in your digital library. All books included in this collection feature a hyperlinked table of contents and footnotes. The collection is complimented by an author biography.
Table of Contents
The Metaphysical Elements of Ethics (1780) Translated by
Thomas Kingsmill Abbott Critique of Pure Reason (Kritik
der reinen Vernunft) (1781, 1787) Translated by John Miller Dow
Meiklejohn Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics
(Prolegomena zu einer jeden kunftigen Metaphysik) (1783) Translation by
James Fieser An Answer To The Question: What Is
Enlightenment? (Beantwortung der Frage: Was ist Aufklarung?)
(1784) Translated by Lewis White Beck Idea For A Universal History
With A Cosmopolitan Purpose (Idee zu einer allgemeinen Geschichte
in weltburgerlicher Absicht) (1784) Translated by Lewis White
Beck Introduction To The Metaphysic of Morals (1785)
Translated by William Hastie Groundwork of the Metaphysics of
Morals (Grundlegung zur Metaphysik der Sitten) (1785)
Translated by Thomas Kingsmill Abbott Critique of Practical
Reason (Kritik der praktischen Vernunft) (1788) Translated by
Thomas Kingsmill Abbott Critique of Judgement(Kritik der
Urteilskraft) (1790) Translated by John Miller Dow
Meiklejohn Perpetual Peace (Zum ewigen Frieden)
(1795) Translated by William Hastie The Philosophy of Law(Metaphysische Anfangsgrunde der Rechtslehre) (1797). [First part of
The Metaphysics of Morals.] Translated by William Hastie
Immanuel Kant Ancient Greek philosophy was divided into three sciences: physics, ethics, and logic. This division is perfectly suitable to the nature of the thing; and the only improvement that can be made in it is to add the principle on which it is based, so that we may both satisfy ourselves of its completeness, and also be able to determine correctly the necessary subdivisions. All rational knowledge is either material or formal: the former considers some object, the latter is concerned only with the form of the understanding and of the reason itself, and with the universal laws of thought in general without distinction of its objects. Formal philosophy is called logic. Material philosophy, however, has to do with determinate objects and the laws to which they are subject, is again twofold; for these laws are either laws of nature or of freedom. The science of the former is physics, that of the latter, ethics; they are also called natural philosophy and moral philosophy respectively...
Immanuel Kant Immanuel Kant (22 April 1724 – 12 February 1804) was a German philosopher from Königsberg (today Kaliningrad of Russia), researching, lecturing and writing on philosophy and anthropology during and at the end of the 18th Century Enlightenment.
In Kant's essay "Answering the Question: What is Enlightenment?", Kant defined the Enlightenment as an age shaped by the Latin motto Sapere aude ("Dare to Know"). Kant maintained that one ought to think autonomously, free of the dictates of external authority. His work reconciled many of the differences between the rationalist and empiricist traditions of the 18th century. He had a decisive impact on the Romantic and German Idealist philosophies of the 19th century. His work has also been a starting point for many 20th century philosophers.
Immanuel Kant In der Dezemberausgabe der Zeitschrift „Berlinische Monatsschrift“ von 1783 veröffentlichte der Berliner Pfarrer Johann Friedrich Zöllner den Artikel: "Ist es rathsam, das Ehebündniß nicht ferner durch die Religion zu sanciren?" In einer Fußnote stellte er die provozierende Frage „Was ist Aufklärung?“.  Zöllner spielte mit der Frage auf die Tatsache an, dass es noch keine eindeutige Definition der Bewegung gab, obwohl diese schon seit Jahrzehnten bestand. Diese Frage des protestantischen Berliner Pfarrers, versteckt in einer Fußnote, war als Replik gedacht auf den anonym mit „E. v. K. “ gezeichneten und erschienenen Beitrag des Mitherausgebers der BMS Johann Erich Biester im Septemberstück 1783, mit dem als ketzerisch empfundenen Titel: „Vorschlag, die Geistlichen nicht mehr bei Vollziehung der Ehen zu bemühen“.
Immanuel Kant This file includes: The Critique of Pure Reason; The Critique of Practical Reason, Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysics of Morals; and The Metaphysical Elements of Ethics. According to Wikipedia: "Immanuel Kant (22 April 1724 – 12 February 1804) was an 18th-century German philosopher from the Prussian city of Königsberg (now Kaliningrad, Russia). He is regarded as one of the most influential thinkers of modern Europe and of the late Enlightenment. Kant created a new widespread perspective in philosophy which is influencing enlightened philosophy until the 21st Century. He published important works of epistemology as also scripts in coherence to religion, law and history. His most important work is the Critique of Pure Reason, an investigation into the limitations and structure of reason itself. It encompasses an attack on traditional metaphysics and epistemology, and highlights Kant's own contribution to these areas. The other main works of his maturity are the Critique of Practical Reason, which concentrates on ethics, and the Critique of Judgment, which investigates aesthetics and teleology."